Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire
Founded in 1949, FISU stands for Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire (International University Sports Federation). FISU’s main responsability is the supervision of both the Summer and Winter Universiades, as well as the World University Championships. The General Assemblyrepresenting its members (170 National University Sports Federations) is FISU’s main governing body. It elects for a four-year period the Executive Committee, which takes all the necessary decisions for the smooth running of FISU. Sixteen permanent commissions advise the Executive Committee in their specialised areas, thus facilitating its duties. FISU is funded through subscription, organising and entry fees, television incomes and marketing activities.
The Universiade is an international sporting and cultural festival which is staged every two yearsin a different city. The Summer Universiade consists of 10 compulsory sports with 13 compulsory disciplines (Athletics – Basketball – Fencing – Football – Artistic Gymnastics – Rhythmic Gymnastics - Judo – Swimming – Diving – Water-Polo – Table Tennis – Tennis – Volleyball) and up to three optional sports chosen by the host country. The record figures are 11,785 participants in Kazan, Russia in 2013 and 174 countries in Daegu, Korea, in 2003. The Winter Universiade consists of 6 compulsory sports with 10 compulsory disciplines (Alpine Skiing – Snowboarding – Ski Jumping - Cross-Country skiing - Nordic combined – Curling – Ice Hockey – Short Track Speed Skating – Figure Skating – Biathlon) and one or two optional sports, also chosen by the host country. It reached a record of 2,668 participants in Trentino, Italy, in 2013 and a record number of 52 countries in Erzurum, Turkey, in 2011.
The World University Championships
FISU’s other important sporting events are the World University Championships (WUC). The development of university sport in the world created a new series of meets and competitions to complete the Universiade programme. FISU supports those competitions which represent the continuity of university sport and allow the federation to be better known. In 2014, FISU staged 28 WUCs, which attracted 6,6448 participants. In 2016 we will have 34 events! The WUC sports programme comprises: American Football – Archery – Badminton – Baseball – Basketball 3×3 – Beach Volleyball – Boxing – Bridge – Canoe Sprint - Canoe slalom – Cheerleading – Chess – Cross Country – Cycling – Equestrian – Floorball – Futsal – Golf – Handball – Karate – Korfball – Modern Pentathlon – Netball – Orienteering – Roller Sport - Rowing – Rugby Sevens – Sailing – Sambo – Shooting Sports – Ski Jumping and Nordic Combined – Ski Orienteering – Speed Skating – Sport Climbing – Squash – Triathlon – Waterskiing – Weightlifting – Woodball – Wrestling – Wushu.
The Universiades and Championships are open to all student athletes that have not been out of university or an equivalent institution for more than a year, and that are aged between 17 and 28. Any association which is a member of FISU may enter a team or an individual competitor. Entries are accepted from any country eligible for the Olympic Games and from any national federation affiliated to the appropriate international federation.
The FISU Conference
The FISU Conference takes place at the same time as the Universiade, complementing the sporting aspect with sociological studies and scientific research, thus illustrating the need to bring together Sport and the University Spirit. Also entitled ‘Conference for the Study of University Sport’, the FISU Conference tackles topics relating to the different aspects of sport and physical education.
The FISU Forum
Like the Universiade, the Conference is biennial. This is why FISU decided to give students and university sports officials the opportunity to meet more often to discuss subjects involving education, culture and sport, through the FISU Forum. The Forum takes place every two years, alternating with the Universiade years, each time in a different location.